Lunedì, 15 Ottobre 2018

Italy needs 'pact between generations,' says Napolitano


Rome, December 4 - Italian President Giorgio
Napolitano on Tuesday called for a new "pact between
generations" to help young people struggling to find career
The jobless rate among 15-to-24-year-olds in October was
36.5%, the highest since monthly records began in January 2004
and quarterly records started in the fourth quarter of 1992,
Istat said last week.
The national statistics agency said some 639,000
15-to-24-year-olds are looking for jobs.
Earlier this year Istat said one in five Italians between
the ages of 15 and 29 was Not in Employment, Education or
Training (NEET), according to its calculations for 2010.
Young people are suffering the effects of the sluggish
economic growth Italy has experienced over the last decade.
Furthermore, some experts say Italy's labour regulations,
which give high levels of protection for people with regular
full-time jobs, who tend to be older, discourage firms from
taking on new staff and make it difficult for young people to
enter the labour market.
Many young Italian who do have jobs work under temporary or
freelance contracts that offer low levels of job security.
The difficult economic climate and high housing costs
forces many young Italians to live with their parents until
their 30s and 40s because they cannot afford to leave home.
There concerns about how many young people will have a
pension at the end of the careers too as these so-called
'precarious' contracts often feature low levels of social
security contributions.
At the other end of the system, the fact that Italians are
living longer means retirees are taking money out of the state's
pension funds for longer and longer.
"A great challenge is to find the solidarity to overcome
vested interests and selfishness via a pact between generations
that leads to a sustainable model of development for the
construction of a more just, more cohesive and more inclusive
society," Napolitano said.
Premier Mario Monti said last month that his emergency
government is now focusing increasingly on helping young people.
"The government's activity in this time of serious
difficulty, which has not yet been overcome but is being
overcome, is directed towards young people," Monti said at the
inauguration of the academic year at Milan's Bocconi University,
where he used to teach.
Monti's government moved to make the pension system more
sustainable last year when it raised the retirement age, taking
it up from 60 to 62 for women and from 65 to 66 for men.
It has also introduced controversial labour-market reforms
that will make it easier for firms to fire workers, a move it
claims will also make them more inclined to hire people.

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