Domenica, 21 Ottobre 2018
ROME

Italy had 'partial, tacit' deal with Mafia, commission says

English
© ANSA

Rome, January 9 - The chief of Italy's anti-mafia
parliamentary commission reported on Wednesday that a "partial,
tacit understanding" did take place between State law
enforcement and the Sicilian Cosa Nostra Mafia in the early
1990s.
The period in question concerned 1992-1993, following fatal
bombings, including the assassinations of judges Giovanni
Falcone and Paolo Borsellino in May and July 1992, respectively.
"It seems logical to speak of a tacit, partial
understanding among the parties in conflict, rather than
negotiations on 41bis," stated Giuseppe Pisanu, chairman of the
parliamentary anti-mafia commission, who referred to a legal
measure taken in August, 1992.
In May 23, 1992 a road-bomb took the lives of Falcone, his
wife and three police officers.
The massacre was followed by a July 19 car bombing that
killed Borsellino and five police officers.
The 41bis measure permitted Italian law enforcement to
suspend a series of prison rights in order to bring pressure on
certain prisoners - especially mafia members - for the motive of
"public order".
"We can say that there was at least one negotiation among
(non-political) State government men...and (Sicilian) Cosa
Nostra men, who were divided amongst themselves, and thus
without an unambiguous and ruling mandate," Pisanu said on
Wednesday.
"There were tactical convergences between the two sides,
but strategic differences. The (anti-mafia) ROS Carabinieri
police wanted to make the massacres stop. The mafiosi wanted,
instead, to develop them to the point of making the State bend
over," Pisanu continued.
"Make the State bend to what point? To the acceptance of
all or part of the papello?" Pisanu asked, referring to a list
of 12 demands that Cosa Nostra mafia boss Toto' Riina tried to
make the State adopt.
The demands included watering down prison sentences,
canceling 41bis, eviscerating other anti-mafia laws, beefing up
prisoner perks and removing petrol taxes in Sicily.
"Following logically and judging from the facts, one would
not say so. If Cosa Nostra accepted a sort of scaling (down of)
negotiations, descending from the papello to the softer
(version) and from this to only a reduction of the 41bis -
maintaining high, however, the terrifying threat of massacre,
one should ask oneself if (the Mafia's) real objective was not
something completely different - and that is the restoration of
the regime of co-existence between mafia and State that had been
interrupted in the 1980s, which gave rise to a counter-offensive
by the judiciary, police and civil society that had had no
precedent in history," Pisanu continued.
"Certainly, the objective was ambitious, but the moment, as
I have already said, was propitious for the mafia and for all
the enemies of the democratic State".

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