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Temple of 'Jupiter the Stayer' found


Rome, February 28 - The temple built by Romulus to
celebrate the hand of Jupiter giving Roman troops their
unstoppable force has been found at the foot of the Palatine
Hill, Italian archaeologists say.
The ruins of the shrine to Jupiter Stator (Jupiter the
Stayer), believed to date to 750 BC, were found by a Rome
University team led by Andrea Carandini.
"We believe this is the temple that legend says Romulus
erected to the king of the gods after the Romans held their
ground against the furious Sabines fighting to get their women
back after the famous Rape (abduction)," Carandini said in the
Archeologia Viva (Living Archaeology) journal.
According to myth, Romulus founded Rome in 753 BC and the
wifeless first generation of Roman men raided nearby Sabine
tribes for their womenfolk, an event that has been illustrated
in art down the centuries.
Carandini added: "It is also noteworthy that the temple
appears to be shoring up the Palatine, as if in defence".
Rome's great and good including imperial families lived on
the Palatine, overlooking the Forum.
Long after its legendary institution by Romulus, the cult of
Jupiter the Stayer fuelled Roman troops in battle, forging the
irresistible military might that conquered most of the ancient
known world.
In the article in Archeologia Viva, Carandini's team said
they might also have discovered the ruins of the last Palatine
house Julius Caesar lived in - the one he left on the Ides of
March, 44BC, on his way to death in the Senate.

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