Martedì, 23 Aprile 2019
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Prisoners at high risk of mental illness in Italy


Rome, April 12 - As many as one third of prison
inmates are at high risk of developing a mental illness, said
psychiatrists gathered for a conference Friday.
About 20,000 of the 70,000 inmates in Italian prisons have
developed diseases such as psychosis, depression, severe
anxiety, and bipolar disorder, say the experts gathered for a
national congress of young psychiatrists.
Some were mentally unwell before prison; others developed
disorders once inside what some have described as "hell,"
according to the psychiatrists.
Early investments in mental health - before people become
so ill that they commit crimes and wind up in jail - would be
money well spent, the experts say.
The statistics show "everything that happens after years of
neglect on the part of Italian mental health services, and this
is the bill that must be paid," said Claudio Mencacci, president
of the Italian Society of Psychiatry.
In fact, prison inmates are nine times more likely to
attempt suicide than in the general Italian population - and
that rate is quickly climbing.
Since 1960, a 300% increase in prison suicides has been
Guards dealing with prisoners are also becoming less
mentally healthy, the experts say: between 2000 and 2011, 68
suicides were reported among Italian prison workers.
Overcrowding in prisons contributes to the problem.
Italian prisons are among the most crowded in Europe, with
as many as 150 inmates per 100 beds, compared with an average of
107 in the rest of Europe.

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