Domenica, 23 Settembre 2018

Italy recalls its 'years of lead'


(By Christopher Livesay)

Rome, May 9 - The Senate Speaker on Thursday said
much needed to be done to ensure that the whole truth be
revealed behind Italy's decades of political violence and
"Remembering is not enough," said Pietro Grasso on Victims
of Terrorism Memorial Day.
"We must have the iron will to know the entire truth, even
that which has remained hidden, and to understand why it has not
been possible to fully shine light on the massacres".
Left- and right-wing extremist violence known as the 'years
of lead' marked the 1970s and 1980s in Italy, including the
kidnapping of former Italian premier Aldo Moro on this day in
1978 by members of the Marxist-Leninist Red Brigades (BR).
His body was found between the Christian Democrat and
Communist Party headquarters 55 days later.
Earlier in the day Grasso, along with House Speaker Laura
Boldrini and President Giorgio Napolitano, laid a wreath in
Rome's via Caetani, where Moro's bullet-ridden body was
discovered in the trunk of a car.
Since his death, theories have been rife on the possibility
of the terrorists being infiltrated and manipulated by
politicians and secret services working to keep the Italian
Communist Party out of power and take revenge for Moro's
overtures to them.
The full complement and identities of all the terrorists
who took part in the attack on Moro have never been
satisfactorily established.
It has also been frequently suggested that security forces
did not do enough to free Moro, and that the BR was 'used' to
assassinate him.
The case even had links to seven-time premier Giulio
Andreotti, who died Monday at 94.
Italian judge Ferdinando Imposimato said Wednesday that
Andreotti and Francesco Cossiga were "Aldo Moro's executioners"
for "blocking a raid to free him because they wanted him to die"
for political reasons.
A year after Moro's murder, right-wing investigative
reporter Carmine (Mino) Pecorelli was forced to withdraw an
edition of the weekly Osservatore Politico which showed
Andreotti on the cover. Pecorelli was shot four times and killed
later that night.
He was said to be preparing to publish damaging revelations
linking Andreotti to Moro's abduction and killing.
The supreme court later ruled that the links to Andreotti
were based solely on hearsay and speculation.
The last probe into Moro was shelved in 2008.
"As a political representative, I feel responsible for our
judicial system that has failed to find the truth in time to
bring about justice," said Grasso.
"The truth is now known and the murderers have confessed.
Never again shall justice be denied".
Details surrounding many other violent incidents in the
period remain unknown.
The president said Italy's ability to overcome the years of
lead proves the country is capable of solving its current
economic crisis and political divisions, marked by a left-right
coalition government that was forged after two months of
political stalemate following February's inconclusive elections.
"Italy has overcome not just moments of tension but tragic
periods as well that exposed it to extreme risk," he said.
"If we could overcome those moments, we can overcome the
current challenges".

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