Martedì, 23 Ottobre 2018
ROME

UN sets Italy target of creating 1.7 million jobs

English
© ANSA

(By Paul Virgo)
Rome, June 3 - Italy needs to create 1.7 million
jobs to be able to return to the employment levels it had before
the global economic crisis started in 2008, the International
Labour Organization said Monday.
"Since the second quarter of 2008, the Italian economy has
shed roughly 600,000 jobs," read the Snapshot of Italy in the
ILO's World of Work Report 2013.
"Given that the working-age population has grown over this
period by approximately 1.1 million, Italy needs to create
roughly 1.7 million jobs to restore employment rates to
pre-crisis levels".
The United Nations agency pointed out that unemployment in
Italy, which is enduring its longest recession in over 20 years
after seven straight quarters of negative growth, has increased
sharply since the beginning of the crisis.
It was 6.1% in 2007 but stood at 11.2% in the last quarter
of 2012 after climbing "almost uninterrupted".
Unemployment reached 12% in April, national statistics
agency Istat said last week, with around four in 10 people aged
15 to 24 on the dole.
Istat also said recently that Italy has Europe's highest
proportion of young people doing "nothing", with almost a
quarter of 15-to-29-year-olds not in education, employment or
training (NEET).
"The challenge of finding employment in Italy has been
particularly acute for young persons aged 15-24," the ILO report
said.
Premier Enrico Letta has said fighting unemployment,
especially among young people, will be a priority of his
left-right coalition government, which was sworn in late in
April.
He successfully pushed for unemployment to be the focus of
this month's summit of European Union leaders and has said his
government will have a national action plan against youth
unemployment in place before that meeting.
But the ILO report said Letta should work to improve the
quality of jobs on the labour market, not just the quantity.
"Precarious employment (either involuntary fixed contracts
or involuntary part-time), has also become widespread," read the
Snapshot of Italy.
"Since 2007, the number of precarious workers increased by
5.7 percentage points, reaching almost 32% of those employed in
2012...
"It will be important to monitor and evaluate the recent
proposal of reducing by one-third the time period in-between two
consecutive fixed-term contracts.
"As precarious employment continues to rise, greater
efforts may be merited to incentivise the conversion of fixed
term contracts to permanent ones".
The report said temporary employment had become more
widespread in Italy following controversial labour-market
reforms introduced last year by ex-premier Mario Monti's
emergency technocrat administration that, among other things,
made it easier for firms in financial trouble to dismiss staff.
The ILO also warned Rome not to try to generate jobs for
young people with schemes that encourage companies to simply
replace older workers.
"When considering the recent proposal of job-sharing among
youth and older workers it is important to note that youth and
adults are not substitutes in the labour market," the report
said.
"Indeed, contact with more experienced workers can provide
mentoring, instil good workplace practices, and help to dispel
misconceptions regarding the attitudes of youth".

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