Lunedì, 22 Ottobre 2018

Italy ratifies Istanbul Convention


(By Kate Carlisle)
Rome, June 19 - The Italian Senate unanimously
approved the 2011 Istanbul Convention on preventing and
combating violence against women and domestic violence on
Before the vote, which makes the measure that passed in the
Lower House on June 4 operative, MPs paused for a minute of
silence in memory of women victims of violence.
"We dedicate this vote to all women victims of violence.
Before moving on to this vote, which is so important for our
parliamentary history, let's remember all women and girls who in
life and death have suffered physical or psychological
violence," Deputy Speaker Linda Lanzillotta said.
Italy has been plagued by a spate of violent crimes against
women and murders by partners, ex-boyfriends and husbands, as
well as at the hands of strangers, say human rights groups.
"Sexual violence causes more fatalities among women in
Italy than cancer and is most often committed by a spouse or
former partner," Maria Gabriella Carnieri Moscatelli, president
of the Italian emergency hotline Telefono Rosa said in December.
A week before the vote in the House, a brutal
stabbing and burning murder of 16-year-old Fabiana Luzzi by her
boyfriend in the southern Italian town of Corigliano
Calabro shocked the nation.
Of all the women murdered in Italy between 2000 and 2011,
a total of 1,459, or 70.8%, were killed by a partner, an
ex-partner or a lover - a number that also remains largely
consistent year by year - said the study entitled "Femicide in
Italy in the last decade," published in December.
The Istanbul Convention describes violence against
women as a form of discrimination and as a violation of human
It also defines crimes against women that are punishable,
including psychological violence, stalking, physical violence,
sexual violence and rape, forced marriage, female genital
mutilation, forced abortion, forced sterilization and
sexual harassment.
The Istanbul Convention gained political momentum in Italy
after House Speaker Laura Boldrini revealed that since she had
been elected to lead the Chamber earlier this year, she had
become the target of a widespread threats and grotesque
photomontages on the Internet.
Wednesday's approval makes Italy the fifth country to
actually ratify the Council of Europe convention.
So far, only four other countries have ratified the treaty,
and only one of those, Portugal, is a member of the European
The other countries that have ratified the Istanbul
Convention are EU candidate countries Turkey and Montenegro, and
EU potential candidate country Albania.
For the treaty enter into force, it must be approved by the
governments of at least 10 countries, and at least eight
European Council member countries.
"The unanimous ratification of the Convention by the
Senate, as happened three weeks ago in the House, is reason for
satisfaction and pride. It is a tangible sign of parliament's
dedication to a theme as crucial as violence against women,"
Boldrini said.
Humanitarian organization Terre des Hommes, which
together with ANSA produced a 2012 report on violence against
girls that was delivered to ex-premier Mario Monti's office,
applauded the ratification.
"The next step, however, is for appropriate funds to be
dedicated to prevention and the protection of victims," the
organization said.

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