Domenica, 21 Ottobre 2018

Florence tomb opened in bid to find Mona Lisa model


(By Christopher Livesay)
Florence, August 9 - Scientists in Florence on
Friday cracked open the family tomb of Lisa Gherardini Del
Giocondo - the beguiling model who sat for Leonardo da Vinci's
famous Mona Lisa portrait - hoping to compare her son's DNA to
that of a skeleton believed to be her own.
Remains thought to belong to the woman with the enigmatic
smile were exhumed in an archeological dig in a central Florence
convent a year ago.
Her family tomb in the Martyrs' Crypt behind the main altar
of the Santissima Annunziata church in Florence contains the
remains of Gherardini's husband Bartolomeo Del Giocondo, who
commissioned the world's most famous painting, and of his two
sons, Piero and Bartolomeo.
"Only Piero was the offspring of Francesco and Lisa, while
Bartolomeo was the son of the first wife," said Silvano Vinceti,
who is charge of the National Committee for the Valuation of
Historic, Cultural and Environmental Assets.
"Thus the goal is to understand if the DNA from one of the
sons matches that of the female DNA (uncovered at the convent)".
The family tomb was opened Friday for the first time in 300
Researchers were pleased to find that centuries of flooding
from the nearby Arno river had left a fortuitous layer of mud on
the bodies that helped their preservation.
Scientists can now compare DNA samples to that of the
skeleton found in July 2012 in the basement of a former Ursuline
"Right now we are carrying out Carbon-14 tests on three of
the eight skeletons found in St Ursula, which could be the
age Lisa Gherardini was when she died", said Vinceti.
"The Carbon-14 test will tell us which of the three dates
back to the 1500s. Only then will we know which skeleton to do
the final DNA test on".
The results of the tests are expected by late September.
The long-running hunt for the iconic da Vinci model
culminated when researchers in Florence uncovered the base of a
15th-century altar in St Ursula, which they firmly believed led
to the tomb containing the remains of Mona Lisa.
"After 1500, only two women were buried here: Mona Lisa
Gherardini, in 1542, and another noblewoman, Maria del Riccio,"
said a statement from researchers.
The researchers added that the dead were traditionally
buried near church altars at the time, and that Carbon-14
analysis would be necessary to properly date the recovered
The search pinning Gherardini as the model for the
Louvre-housed painting was first justified by historical
research by pioneering 16th-century art historian Giorgio
It was then further spearheaded by a discovery several
years ago in Germany of a document written in Latin by
Leonardo's scribe saying that a woman called Lisa had been the
model for the masterpiece.
Leonardo sleuth Giuseppe Pallanti published a book in 2007
arguing the former convent "must be" the last resting place of
La Gioconda, as Italians call the Mona Lisa after the surname of
her husband.
He said his research has wiped away all doubt about the
identity of La Gioconda, who is believed to have joined the
Ursuline nuns in old age.
"It was her, Lisa, the wife of the merchant Francesco
Del Giocondo - and she lived right opposite Leonardo in Via
Ghibellina," Pallanti said.
Most modern scholars have now agreed with Pallanti that the
Mona Lisa sitter was Lisa Del Giocondo, who according to the
Italian researcher became a nun after her husband's death and
died in the convent on July 15, 1542, aged 63.
So now the proof lies in the DNA if the bones found in the
convent are those of the wife and model turned nun.
Gherardini and Del Giocondo were married in 1495 when the
bride was 16 and the groom 35.
It has frequently been suggested that Del Giocondo
commissioned Leonardo to paint his Mona Lisa (mona is the
standard Italian contraction for madonna, or "my lady,") to
mark his wife's pregnancy or the recent birth of their second
child in December 1502.
While pregnancy or childbirth have been put forward in
the past as explanations for Mona Lisa's cryptic smile, there is
no shortage of theories - some less plausible than others.
One group of medical researchers has maintained that the
sitter's mouth is so firmly shut because she was undergoing
mercury treatment for syphilis which turned her teeth black.
An American dentist claimed that the tight-lipped
expression was typical of people who have lost their front
teeth, while a Danish doctor was convinced she suffered from
congenital palsy which affected the left side of her face and
this is why her hands are overly large.
A French surgeon has also put forth his view that she
was semi-paralysed, perhaps as the result of a stroke, and
that this explained why one hand looks relaxed and the other
Leading American feminist Camille Paglia simply
concluded that the cool, appraising smile showed that "what
Mona Lisa is ultimately saying is that males are unnecessary".

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