Sabato, 22 Settembre 2018

Piano, Rubbia, Abbado, Cattaneo named life Senators


(By Emily Backus)
Rome, August 30 - Italian President Giorgio
Napolitano on Friday named four Senators for life, a power held
by the head of State under the Constitution to appoint permanent
members to the Upper House who have shown extraordinary
scientific, social or artistic merit.
Famed architect Renzo Piano, Nobel laureate particle
physicist Carlo Rubbia, world-renowned music conductor Claudio
Abbado and pharmacology professor and stem-cell expert Elena
Cattaneo are to be given lifetime Senate seats.
Napolitano notified Senate Speaker Pietro Grasso of the
nominations, which required decrees signed also by Premier
Enrico Letta.
The president telephoned each of the candidates to inform
and congratulate them personally.
The appointments take the number of life Senators back up
to five.
Former Italian president Carlo Azeglio Ciampi and
ex-premier Mario Monti were left as the only two life Senators
after the deaths this past year of former statesman Giulio
Andreotti, ex-premier Emilio Colombo and car designer Sergio
Claudio Abbado, 80, has conducted many of the world's
leading orchestras. He has served as music director at the La
Scala opera house in Milan, principal conductor of the London
Symphony Orchestra, music director of the Vienna State Opera,
principal guest conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and,
from 1989 to 2002, principal conductor of the Berlin
Awards and honors received by Abbado include two Grammy
awards and four honorary doctorates. In April 2012, he was voted
into the Gramaphone Hall of Fame.
Abbado has also taken an active role in promoting young
musical talent by founding new orchestras, like the European
Youth Orchestra, the Chamber Orchestra of Europe, the Mahler
Chamber Orchestra and the Mozart Orchestra.
Genoese architect Renzo Piano, 75, has worked on the
designs of many of the globe's modern landmarks, including
London's Shard skyscraper, the Georges Pompidou Centre in Paris,
Potzdammer Platz masterplan in Berlin, the Kansai airport in
Japan, the Nemo Science Museum in Amsterdam, and the New York
Times building in Manhattan.
In addition to winning architecture's coveted Pritzker
Prize, Piano has received the Kyoto Prize, Amsterdam's Erasmus
award, the RIBA Gold Medal, the Sonning Prize, and the AIA Gold
Medal, among other honours.
He has been UNESCO's goodwill ambassador for cities since
In 2004 he founded the Renzo Piano Foundation, a non-profit
organization for supporting young architects based in Genoa.
Elena Cattaneo, born in 1962, earned her doctorate in
pharmacology from Milan University and became a full professor
in 2003.
Cattaneo for three years researched brain stem cells in a
laboratory at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in
Upon returning to Italy, she founded - and now directs - a
Milan University laboratory for stem-cell research in
neurodegenerative diseases, devoting herself to the study of
Huntington's disease, a genetically transmitted,
neurodegenerative disease.
Cattaneo has been Italy's national representative for
genetic and biotechnological research in the European Union. She
led the European NeuroStemcell project, a 12-million-euro,
four-year consortium to develop stem-cell-based therapies for
Huntington's and Parkinson's diseases. From October 2013,
Cattaneo will be coordinating the NeuroStemcellrepair project
under the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme
Particle physicist and Nobel laureate Carlo Rubbia, born in
1934, has been a researcher at the CERN laboratory in Geneva,
Switzerland, since 1961, and served as its managing director
from 1989 to 1993. He has also been a physics professor at
Harvard University for 18 years.
Rubbia shared the Nobel prize for physics in 1984 with
Simon van der Meer for their 1983 discovery of the W and Z
particles, carrier particles that mediate weak nuclear force. W
particles have a role in nuclear decay. Z particles are their
own antiparticles.
Rubbia holds 32 honorary degrees in addition to his
doctorate from Columbia University in New York City and
undergraduate degree from the Scuola Normale of Pisa.

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