Sabato, 20 Ottobre 2018

ECB gives Italy deficit warning as production plummets


(By Paul Virgo)
Rome, September 12 - The European Central Bank
(ECB) said that Italy risked missing its deficit target for this
year on Thursday when industrial production data dented hopes
that the country is on its way out of recession.
Premier Enrico Letta also got some bad news from the money
markets, with interest rates on State bonds climbing at auction
amid speculation his fragile grand-coalition government may
collapse in the fallout of last month's decision by the supreme
court to uphold a tax-fraud conviction against centre-right
leader Silvio Berlusconi.
The ECB said in its monthly bulletin that moves to pay
public-sector debts to private companies and the rolling-back of
the IMU property tax could affect Rome's ability to bring down
the deficit-GDP ratio to 2.9%.
The central bank also mentioned the decision to postpone a
planned 1% rise in the top band of value-added tax (VAT), a hike
Letta's left-right government is hoping to avoid completely.
The European Commission closed an excessive-deficit
procedure against Italy in May after its deficit came in at 3%
last year and the government said it would be 2.9% this year.
The EU does not allow member States to have a deficit of
over 3%.
Last week the Italian government said in a report that it
had revised its deficit-to-GDP ratio forecast for this
year up from 2.9% to 3% following the decision to scrap IMU to
meet demands from Berlusconi's People of Freedom (PdL) party.
"In Italy, preliminary state budget execution in cash
terms up to July 2013 points to a cumulative borrowing
requirement of 51 billion euros (3.3% of GDP), up from almost 28
billion euros (1.8% of GDP) in the same period of 2012," the
ECB's bulletin said.
"The deterioration, mainly owing to the provision of
financial sector support and repayment of arrears, highlights
the increasing risks surrounding the achievement of the 2013
general government deficit target (2.9% of GDP)".
Letta vowed Monday that Italy would respect its commitment
"to keep its deficit-to-GDP ratio under 3%" and avoid further
debt following a meeting with European Council President Herman
Van Rompuy.
But some believe Letta may not be around for long to ensure
the pledge is respected, with the PdL threatening to withdraw
support and sink his executive if its alliance partner, the
centre-left Democratic Party (PD), votes on a Senate panel for
three-time premier Berlusconi to be stripped of his
parliamentary seat after the tax-fraud conviction.
The instability has lead to a rise in Italy's borrowing
costs, as seen in two separate auctions on Thursday.
The Treasury had to offer an average interest rate of 2.72%
on three-year BTP bonds, the highest level since October last
year and up from 2.33% at an auction in July, to sell all four
billion euros' worth it put in the market.
The rate also climbed at an auction of 15-year BTPs, with
1.5 billion euros' worth going at an average rate of 4.88%, up
from 4.67% at a sale in June.
The spread between the 10-year BTP and the German
benchmark, a key measure of Italy's borrowing costs and of
investor confidence, climbed to 255 basis points with a yield of
4.54% after closing at 248 points on Wednesday.
Spikes in the spread level at the height of the eurozone
crisis were a key factor in November 2011 in the fall of
Berlusconi's last government, which made way for former premier
Mario Monti's emergency technocrat administration.
Letta, who replaced Monti as the head of an unprecedented
PD-PdL administration in April to end a long deadlock after
February's inconclusive general election, has warned political
instability is the last thing Italy needs just as it looks to be
emerging from its longest recession in over two decades.
Business leaders and Bank of Italy Governor Ignazio Visco
have made similar warnings.
The consensus among experts was that Italy should emerge
from recession in the third or fourth quarter of this year,
after eight consecutive quarters of negative growth.
But these hopes suffered a setback Thursday, when national
statistics agency Istat said industrial production fell 1.1% in
July compared to June.
The drop was a disappointment to analysts as it comes after
two consecutive month-on-month rises in production that had been
seen as evidence Italy was pulling out of the downturn.
Furthermore, it was the biggest month-on-month fall since
June 2012.
Industrial production was 4.3% lower in July than in the
same month in 2012, the 23rd consecutive year-on-year drop,
Istat said.

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