Giovedì, 17 Ottobre 2019
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Renzi vows crackdown on tax dodgers


(By Christopher Livesay)
Rome, March 21 - Premier Matteo Renzi on Friday
vowed to rein in tax dodgers, who every year evade payments on
over 130 billion euros in income.
Speaking after his first EU summit in Brussels, the new
premier said that finally "those who have never paid will have
to pay," in order to "pay back citizens who have paid for the
crisis due to nearsighted politicians who are far from the needs
of the people".
Renzi vowed to implement "innovative methods" to cross
check financial records digitally.
The problem of tax evasion is well publicized and a
constant and long-running problem for governments.
They have intensified in recent years as governments have
struggled to meet their obligations in the midst of a double-dip
recession that began in 2008-2009.
On the heels of that came a second crisis which reached
depths in the past two years not seen since World War II.
That was further aggravated by austerity measures to avoid
a Greek-like economic meltdown when interest rates on Italian
bonds rose alarmingly high.
The hard medicine forced on Italy to try to regain its
financial footing included program cuts and tax hikes that
businesses say have crippled their operations while stunting
economic growth and job creation.
Recession in Italy, the eurozone's third-largest economy,
began to show tentative signs of easing only in the second half
of last year.
The economy remains fragile with a tepid growth outlook,
although things may be improving with Renzi, a business-friendly
reformer, at the reins.
On Friday, Italian retailers' association Confcommercio
revised its growth forecast from 0.3% to 0.5% in 2014, and 0.9%
in 2015.
Those numbers could go up even more if Renzi follows
through on cutting over 12 billion euros in income and business
taxes, Confcommercio said.
However, the forecast is weaker than the national inflation
rate that averaged 1.2% in 2013, and if unemployment remains at
the record-high 12.9%, it suggests that the incentives to avoid
paying out cash to tax collectors will remain weak.
According to the finance police, last year they discovered
8,315 evaders who concealed income or did not even file a tax
return on 16.1 billion euros in revenues.
About 15.1 billion euros that were not reported to tax
authorities came from international income including "transfers
of convenience" to tax havens as well as foreign-based
companies' income earned in Italy that is subject to taxation
The finance police said much of that was uncovered by
working cooperatively with agencies in other countries.
Almost five billion euros were dodged by Italians avoiding
the value-added tax alone, and more than 13,000 people were
found to be working "in nero" or outside the legal system,
meaning their work was not reported and they paid no tax.
By not cracking down on tax evasions, particularly on
value added tax, Italy lost 36.1 billion euros in 2011, giving
it the worst record in the EU on VAT collection, according to a
study by the European Commission.
France had the next worst record, losing 32.2 billion euros
to tax evasion in 2011, followed by Germany with 26.9 billion
euros lost.
The study says reasons for tax evasion include fraud but
also bankruptcies and defaults, and the eurozone economic crisis
which left more and more companies in such dire straits they
cannot pay taxes owed.
Still, improving anti-fraud measures would "certainly help
Italy to bridge the gap" between value-added taxes owed and what
is actually paid to the government, said a spokesman for EU
Taxation Commissioner Algirdas Semeta.
Across the 28-member European Union, lost revenue in 2011
totalled 193 billion euro, equal to 1.5% of GDP.

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