Venerdì, 19 Ottobre 2018

Precious mosaic from Caligula's ship returns to Italy


Rome, October 20 - A precious piece of mosaic
flooring from one of the ceremonial ships built by Emperor
Caligula to host festivities on Lake Nemi on Friday is being
sent back to Italy where it will be returned to Nemi's Naval
museum, Culture Minister Dario Franceschini has announced.
The square piece of marble flooring, decorated with a floral
motif made of pieces of green and red porphyry, serpentine and
molded glass, was discovered at an Italian collector's Park
Avenue apartment in New York City.
The mosaic dates back to Caligula's reign, 37-41 A.D., and
came from one of three ships built at the volcanic lake.
The mosaic - along with other antiquities including two
vases, bronzes, coins and manuscripts - were retrieved thanks to
an investigation carried out by the special art unit of the
Carabinieri police led by Fabrizio Parrulli and US authorities,
Franceschini said.
The 2000-year-old piece of Roman history is particularly
important as it was once dredged from the lake outside Rome
after laying underwater for centuries and is one of the few
pieces left of Caligula's ships.
The artwork was allegedly taken from the museum before World
War II, according to investigators.
Historians believe that Caligula's vessels were used during
religious ceremonies.
The ships were over 70-meter-long and were richly decorated
with marble, gold and bronze friezes of animals.
The mosaic flying back from the US in particular gives a
precious insight into the magnificence of the ship's bridge,
which was covered in mosaics.
After Caligula was killed, his ships were sunk, and remained
underwater for centuries, despite efforts since the 19th century
to recover the treasures.
Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini began draining the lake and
two vessels were retrieved between 1928 and 1932.
In 1936, the Fascist government built a museum, the Museo
delle Navi inaugurated in 1940, to display the artwork.
However, in 1944 an arson attack at the museum, which had
been used as a bomb shelter, damaged many of the artifacts.
Only a few decorations survived the fire, while other
artifacts were taken away before the war, including the mosaic,
according to investigators.
Two models representing the vessels are currently exhibited
at the museum in Nemi.
The third ship, believed to be the most luxurious of the
three, as described by Suetonius in the Lives of the Caesars,
was never retrieved.

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